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The Flow of Time

According to the ideas brought forward on each and every page of this site "time", the way we generally tend to think about it does actually not exist. So how come we have such a vivid sense of time and the passage of time? What is it we sense if not time?

Posted 2016-04-19 .


The answer to that question is rather simple: The "time" we sense is duration. Or more to the point, we sense a rapid succession of very brief moments of duration which correspond to a number of passing absolute simultaneous present moments. Each moment being a complete "Dynamic Present" capable of entertaining different "flows of time" at different places in the very same present and simultaneous moment.
This brings about the question of what the "flow of time" might actually be if it differs between places in order to account for the different durations of "time" at these places? This is where the elastic dynamics of the Dynamic Present saves the day with a rather simple explanation: The size of the part of the "flow" at each of these places whereby the clock may "tick" is governed by acceleration.

A friend in Finland sent me the following test setting and the first two explanations of the effects governing the outcome of the test.
The Dynamic Present suggest a third explanation.

the test setting. Suppose that identical or sufficiently similar atomic clocks A and

B stand side by side on the surface of the Earth, and they tick identically and show the

same reading. Clock A remains on the surface of the Earth while clock B is sent to space.

B orbits the Earth for some time. After this B is sent back to the Earth and placed in

the side of A. Again, the clocks tick identically, but one of the clocks shows a different

cumulated reading than the other. Namely, B shows a greater reading than A.

 

DU’s Explanation. In DU, the ticking rate of an atomic clock is determined by the

energy state of the clock, where the energy state of a particular is its combined state of

motion and gravitation. In short, the higher the altitude, the greater the gravitational

potential, the faster is the ticking frequency of the clock; the greater the velocity (or

the kinetic energy) of the clock the slower is the ticking frequency. Satellite clocks are

more affected by the gravitational state than the velocity state, which makes them run

faster than clocks on the Earth. The clock B which has been in a greater gravitational

potential than A shows a greater reading because has been in a greater gravitational

potential than A. Although B has been in a greater state of motion than A, in this case

the effect of motion was smaller than the effect of gravitation; accordingly, the ticking

rate of B was faster than that of A.

 

The Relativity Principle and the Standard Model’s Explanation. The relativity

principle was incorporated in physics e.g. by Galileo Galilei and Newton. It was repostulated

in the theory of relativity, and thereby extended to the contemporary version

of the standard model. The modern version of the relativity principle states that the

equations describing the laws of physics have the same form in all admissible frames

of reference. Consider the test with the atomic clocks. The relativity principle states

that the laws of physics that determine the ticking frequencies of the clocks have been

the same for both clocks; accordingly, the different readings of A and B are interpreted

as differences in the flow of time experienced by the clocks A and B, i.e., there is no

absolutely time which is the same for all parts of a single TSU (a temporal totality state of the Universe),

but time is relative which means that different parts of a single TSU have different times. In other words, as the

relativity principle states that the equations (of the standard model) that describe the

laws of physics have the same form for all parts of one TSU (for all admissible frames of

reference), but as the atomic clocks show different cumulated readings, the contradiction

is avoided by rejecting absolute simultaneity, which allows all parts of a single TSU

having their own times.


The Dynamic Present's Explanation. The ticking rate of the clocks is governed by the size

of the sum of durations remaining from each absolute simultaneous moment after the

accelerating part of each cycle of oscillation has been deducted.

The sum of these durations remaining for clock A is less then those for clock B because

A was subjected to more acceleration then B.

The "sum of durations" interpretation of the "flow of time" allow for differences in the flow

of time within a single TSU while at the same time avoiding any contradiction with respect

to absolute simultaneity.


In the Dynamic Present all clocks experience the same number of absolute simultaneous moments.
However clocks that move faster then other clocks are subjected to more acceleration then the other clocks during the course of each moment and will therefore experience less duration out of the "flow of time", making their clocks "tick" slower.
The mechanism with respect to motion responsible for this constitute the dynamic part of the Dynamic Present and this mechanism differ from what appear to be established by General Relativity and the relativity principle in the standard model because anything in motion is under acceleration during the first and second half of every simultaneous moment.

A fermion moving close to the speed of light is under constant acceleration each moment. First from zero to (almost) light-speed, then at mid-cycle, reversing the acceleration all the way back down to zero. Because it is under constant acceleration this fermion will not have access to any duration at all.
The "flow" being the sum of available durations out of every passing absolute simultaneous moment.
This "flow" of durations is what goes for "physical time", the time measured by our clocks.

What then is an absolute simultaneous moment?
Just a complete cycle of oscillation, or vibration, in the fabric our universe is made of. Its duration corresponding to Planck-time and its oscillatory radius at all points everywhere in space corresponding to Planck-length.
That is, the immediate surroundings of any point in space oscillate between being the size of the point and growing to a sphere with Planck-length radius after which it shrinks back to point-size again during the course of each Planck-time moment.
Actually more a space-thing then a time-thing and probably due to the Big Bang incident and the proposed elastic properties of the fabric of our universe.

To account for the physical manifestations we see in our universe like time and gravitation and so on, those properties, rather then being very complicated, seem to be akin to the properties of a common elastic solid.
The idea of an aether is not new, but at the time it was in fashion nobody know about the Big Bang or about the expanding universe. At the end of the day the aether had to be dropped because it was impossible to understand how physical objects, planets and the like, could move around without being impaired by the fabric they were passing through.

Today, however, the situation is different.
We know about the expansion of our universe, and see what we believe are traces of a Big Bang that supposedly started everything some 14 billion years ago. It would be easy, knowing the speed of light, to calculate the elastic properties of a substance that would yield this speed as well as to calculate the result of what might be a sudden impact to it (the big bang).
I am sure such calculations will show that it would start to oscillate volume-vise the way I suggest.

Because we now also know that matter is made up by visible excitations of a field rather then by particles it is easy to understand why the planets can move about in space without being slowed by the fabric.
They are just oscillations in the substance that make up that fabric.

I have described all of this elsewhere on this site.
The reason I brought it up here is because "The Dynamic Present's Explanation" above state that the "accelerating part of each cycle of oscillation" decide the size of the remaining duration out of each cycle of absolute simultaneity.

This acceleration need to be explained in better detail.
It refers to how the embedded matter-oscillations that make up clock B move in the volume-vise oscillating substance.
It does so by resonating with the oscillations of the substance.
This also answer the question about what keeps everything going.

When the oscillation cycle of the substance move to expansion the clock is pushed to "accelerate" from zero to "max-speed" by the surrounding oscillating substance.  Depending on the speed of the clock this may use up part of, or all of the expanding half cycle of oscillation.
Likewise, as the cycle enter the contracting phase, the clock will be braked when the surrounding substance press against it and will therefore be "accelerated" the other way using up part of, or all of the contracting cycle, eventually coming to a full stop just before the cycle move into a new expanding phase at the start of the next absolute simultaneous moment.

The part of the cycle experienced by clock B between the accelerations up and down in speed where no elastic force stress the fabric of the clock constitute the duration that we measure as part of the "flow of time".
It is kind of a variable quantum of time.

Clock A experience the same forces of acceleration, but here the fabric where the matter-oscillations of clock A is embedded move instead of the clock. That is how gravitation operate. The geometric presentation of General Relativity is actually sort of a "imaginary map" over the forces present at every point in space due to the oscillations of the Dynamic Present, with "absolute time" substituted by the complete duration of the oscillation cycle and all "admissible time frames" substituted by the "sum of durations" flow of time.  
 
For more about acceleration and gravitation in the Dynamic Present world please refer to "Gravitation and Inertia".


 








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