The Flow of Time
According to the ideas brought forward on each and every
page of this site "time", the way we generally tend to think
about it does actually not exist. So how come we have such a
vivid sense of time and the passage of time? What is it we
sense if not time?
Posted 2016-04-19 .
The answer to that question is rather simple: The "time" we
sense is duration. Or more to the point, we sense a rapid
succession of very brief moments of duration which correspond
to a number of passing absolute simultaneous present moments.
Each moment being a complete "Dynamic Present" capable of
entertaining different "flows of time" at different places in
the very same present and simultaneous moment.
This brings about the question of what the "flow of time"
might actually be if it differs between places in order to
account for the different durations of "time" at these places?
This is where the elastic dynamics of the Dynamic Present
saves the day with a rather simple explanation: The size of
the part of the "flow" at each of these places whereby the
clock may "tick" is governed by acceleration.
A friend in Finland sent me the following test setting and the
first two explanations of the effects governing the outcome of
The Dynamic Present suggest a third explanation.
the test setting. Suppose that identical or sufficiently
similar atomic clocks A and
B stand side by side on the surface of the
Earth, and they tick identically and show the
same reading. Clock A remains on the surface
of the Earth while clock B is sent to space.
B orbits the Earth for some time. After this
B is sent back to the Earth and placed in
the side of A. Again, the clocks tick
identically, but one of the clocks shows a different
cumulated reading than the other. Namely, B
shows a greater reading than A.
DU’s Explanation. In DU, the ticking rate of an atomic clock
is determined by the
energy state of the clock, where the energy
state of a particular is its combined state of
motion and gravitation. In short, the higher
the altitude, the greater the gravitational
the faster is the ticking frequency of the clock; the
greater the velocity (or
the kinetic energy) of the clock the slower
is the ticking frequency. Satellite clocks are
more affected by the gravitational state than
the velocity state, which makes them run
faster than clocks on the Earth. The clock B
which has been in a greater gravitational
potential than A shows a greater reading
because has been in a greater gravitational
potential than A. Although B has been in a
greater state of motion than A, in this case
the effect of motion was smaller than the
effect of gravitation; accordingly, the ticking
rate of B was faster than that of A.
The Relativity Principle and the Standard Model’s
Explanation. The relativity
principle was incorporated in physics e.g. by
Galileo Galilei and Newton. It was repostulated
in the theory of relativity, and thereby
extended to the contemporary version
of the standard model. The modern version of
the relativity principle states that the
equations describing the laws of physics have the same form
in all admissible frames
of reference. Consider the test with the atomic clocks.
The relativity principle states
that the laws of physics that determine the
ticking frequencies of the clocks have been
the same for both clocks; accordingly, the
different readings of A and B are interpreted
as differences in the flow of time
experienced by the clocks A and B, i.e., there is no
absolutely time which is the same for all
parts of a single TSU (a temporal totality state of the
but time is relative which means that
different parts of a single TSU have different times. In
other words, as the
relativity principle states that the
equations (of the standard model) that describe the
laws of physics have the same form for all
parts of one TSU (for all admissible frames of
reference), but as the atomic clocks show
different cumulated readings, the contradiction
is avoided by rejecting absolute
simultaneity, which allows all parts of a single TSU
having their own
Dynamic Present's Explanation. The ticking rate
of the clocks is governed by the size
of the sum of
durations remaining from each absolute simultaneous moment
accelerating part of
each cycle of oscillation has been deducted.
The sum of these
durations remaining for clock A is less then those for
clock B because
A was subjected to
more acceleration then B.
The "sum of durations"
interpretation of the "flow of time" allow for differences
in the flow
of time within a
single TSU while at the same time avoiding any
contradiction with respect
In the Dynamic Present all clocks experience the same number
of absolute simultaneous moments.
However clocks that move faster then other clocks are
subjected to more acceleration then the other clocks during
the course of each moment and will therefore experience less
duration out of the "flow of time", making their clocks "tick"
The mechanism with respect to motion responsible for this
constitute the dynamic part of the Dynamic Present and this
mechanism differ from what appear to be established by General
Relativity and the relativity principle in the standard model
because anything in motion is under acceleration during the
first and second half of every simultaneous moment.
A fermion moving close to the speed of light is under constant
acceleration each moment. First from zero to (almost)
light-speed, then at mid-cycle, reversing the acceleration all
the way back down to zero. Because it is under constant
acceleration this fermion will not have access to any duration
The "flow" being the sum of available durations out of every
passing absolute simultaneous moment.
This "flow" of durations is what goes for "physical time", the
time measured by our clocks.
What then is an absolute simultaneous moment?
Just a complete cycle of oscillation, or vibration, in the
fabric our universe is made of. Its duration corresponding to
Planck-time and its oscillatory radius at all points
everywhere in space corresponding to Planck-length.
That is, the immediate surroundings of any point in space
oscillate between being the size of the point and growing to a
sphere with Planck-length radius after which it shrinks back
to point-size again during the course of each Planck-time
Actually more a space-thing then a time-thing and probably due
to the Big Bang incident and the proposed elastic properties
of the fabric of our universe.
To account for the physical manifestations we see in our
universe like time and gravitation and so on, those
properties, rather then being very complicated, seem to be
akin to the properties of a common elastic solid.
The idea of an aether is not new, but at the time it was in
fashion nobody know about the Big Bang or about the expanding
universe. At the end of the day the aether had to be dropped
because it was impossible to understand how physical objects,
planets and the like, could move around without being impaired
by the fabric they were passing through.
Today, however, the situation is different.
We know about the expansion of our universe, and see what we
believe are traces of a Big Bang that supposedly started
everything some 14 billion years ago. It would be easy,
knowing the speed of light, to calculate the elastic
properties of a substance that would yield this speed as well
as to calculate the result of what might be a sudden impact to
it (the big bang).
I am sure such calculations will show that it would start to
oscillate volume-vise the way I suggest.
Because we now also know that matter is made up by visible
excitations of a field rather then by particles it is easy to
understand why the planets can move about in space without
being slowed by the fabric.
They are just oscillations in the substance that make up that
I have described all of this elsewhere on this site.
The reason I brought it up here is because "The Dynamic
Present's Explanation" above state that the "accelerating part
of each cycle of oscillation" decide the size of the remaining
duration out of each cycle of absolute simultaneity.
This acceleration need to be explained in better detail.
It refers to how the embedded matter-oscillations that make up
clock B move in the volume-vise oscillating substance.
It does so by resonating with the oscillations of the
This also answer the question about what keeps everything
When the oscillation cycle of the substance move to expansion
the clock is pushed to "accelerate" from zero to "max-speed"
by the surrounding oscillating substance. Depending on
the speed of the clock this may use up part of, or all of the
expanding half cycle of oscillation.
Likewise, as the cycle enter the contracting phase, the clock
will be braked when the surrounding substance press against it
and will therefore be "accelerated" the other way using up
part of, or all of the contracting cycle, eventually coming to
a full stop just before the cycle move into a new expanding
phase at the start of the next absolute simultaneous moment.
The part of the cycle experienced by clock B between the
accelerations up and down in speed where no elastic force
stress the fabric of the clock constitute the duration that we
measure as part of the "flow of time".
It is kind of a variable quantum of time.
Clock A experience the same forces of acceleration, but here
the fabric where the matter-oscillations of clock A is
embedded move instead of the clock. That is how gravitation
operate. The geometric presentation of General Relativity is
actually sort of a "imaginary map" over the forces present at
every point in space due to the oscillations of the Dynamic
Present, with "absolute time" substituted by the complete
duration of the oscillation cycle and all "admissible time
frames" substituted by the "sum of durations" flow of time.
For more about acceleration and gravitation in the Dynamic
Present world please refer to "Gravitation and Inertia".
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